A fire pit is a small enclosed area where you can light a fire to keep you warm. What sets this different from most fireplaces is that it is usually a hole in the ground and requires good old wood to light more often than not.
Some people prefer their fire pits a little above the ground, but they are mainly created by digging a hole in the ground. Does a fire pit seem interesting to you? Does the $700 price tag make you want to figure out how to do it independently? This article will tell you everything you need to know to answer the question “how to build a DIY fire pit?”
Precautions should you take:
10 feet away
If you plan on building one in your home, you’ll need plenty of space because these pits need to be at least ten feet away from your house (and your neighbor’s house) to prevent any danger. The area should be completely open and well, far away from anything that can catch fire.
Always remember that you must install your DIY fire pit on level ground. This way, it will be easier to install as you won’t spend ages trying to make sure everything is even.
Make sure you live in a suitable climate.
Always remember to check your climate and weather conditions. Suppose you live in an area where winds are rough and can result in problems, steer clear of DIY fire pits. Remember that unfavorable winds are your enemy.
Check your area’s rules and regulations.
In some areas like Sydney and Newcastle, burning any type of fire in your backyard is illegal. Make sure to check what your laws have to say so you don’t end up in any trouble.
Never use flammable or non-porous materials.
The biggest mistake you can make is using materials that are flammable or non-porous. These materials could easily catch fire and have disastrous results.
How to Build a DIY fire pit?
With these simple steps, you’ll be able to build your DIY fire pit in no time, and it’ll be very cost-efficient.
- Make sure the ground you’ll be digging has no pipes or wiring underneath. If you end up breaking something, you’ll spend a lot trying to get it fixed and may not find the time or energy for your DIY fire pit.
- Once you’ve selected your space, determine the dimensions. Ideally, you can mark the area by cutting out a sheet and placing it on the ground that you have chosen. Then, use spray paint, so a circular area is highlighted. Once you’ve marked the area, start digging!
- Once you’re eight inches deep, stop and make sure the ground is leveled. Use a level to do so and scrape off any extra soil instead of digging, or you’ll end up going too deep.
- Next up, you’ll need a base or a footing. The floor needs to be sturdy as it will keep your pit from cracking when the ground moves. Concrete is the best way to go. Get two hardboard forms and place them in circles where you want the base to be. They should be at least five inches apart. Fill this area halfway with concrete and let it harden.
- Once it’s dry, add the rebar. A rebar is a metal rod that you will bend into a ring and place half on top of the concrete you placed earlier. Make sure the rebar doesn’t touch the forms as they need to be removed in the end. Once it is in place, fill the rest of the footing with concrete and smoothen the top with a footer. Let this dry overnight to complete your base.
- Once your footing is complete, you’ll need to find firebricks for your lining. Firebrick does not break apart or waken if exposed to high amounts of heat, so it is crucial to use this kind.
- Line the entire footing with bricks vertically. There should be space for another layer behind them. Refractory cement will act as your glue in the whole process.
- An air hole is a compulsion. Please make sure you break one of those bricks in half and place it in a way that you end up with a hole in the bottom.
- Next, place bricks horizontally in the space behind the original layer that you left out before. Make sure you break your bricks in half and use those. Layer another set on top of these half bricks. Align them with the original layer of vertical bricks. Make sure you leave the air hold empty.
- Finally, once everything is in place, use a concave jointer to strike the edges. This process smooths everything out.
- Once your lining is complete, finish it by laying whole bricks horizontally on top of the two layers you’ve made. This creates a top lip that seals your layers in.
- Lastly, fill in any gaps with a small amount of mortar. Remember to make sure it’s all leveled and use a hammer if you need to level anything. Once this is done, strike it with a concave jointer for a smooth look.
Once you’ve completed these steps, all you have to do is wait for it to cure completely. Ideally, you should wait a week or more, depending on how much cement and mortar was required. Once the time has passed, pour some gravel into the bottom, find some firewood and get ready for nights with your friends, bonfires, and a makeshift campfire for smores.